1) Kambing hidup
2) Sembelih untuk Carcass
3) Sembelih dan Potong untuk Agih Mentah
4) Sembelih, Potong dan Masak
5) Agihan Daging Mentah atau Masakan kepada
Orang Miskin, Tua, Anak Yatim dan Masjid.
Perkhidmatan ini juga disediakan untuk muslim di Singapura.
En Hee (KL 019-334 8803)
En Zainal (Johor 019-732 0486)
En Yusoff (Singapura 02-9831 5612)
En San (KL & Other 016-339 8803)
Jenis Kambing yang sedia ada seperti berikut:-
Kambing Boer Crossed Australia Jantan
Kambing Feral Australia Jantan
Aqiqah literally means cut and it is often used for the hair of a new born baby that is cut or shaved.
Aqiqah is defined as the animal that is slaughtered on the occasion when the hair of a new born is shaved.
The animal is called aqiqah and it is also encouraged for the animal to be called nasikah or zhabihah.
THE LAWS OF AQIQAH
The performance of aqiqah is sunnah muakkkadah ( highly encouraged ).It is to be performed by the parents or the guardians of the child.
Prophet Muhammad and his companions used to perform aqiqah when they were bestowed with a new born.
It was narrated in Sahih Bukhari, that the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) said :
" With a ghulam ( young boy ) his aqiqah, then pour on his behalf blood and remove from him all that is offensive."
TIME OF AQIQAH
The time to perform aqiqah begins with the birth of the baby. It continues until the baby reaches the age of puberty or independence. Once the person is independent, the responsibility of performing aqiqah rest on his ownself and he can perform it for his ownself if this act has not been done previously.
The best time to perform aqiqah is on the seventh day after the birth of the baby.
This was reported in Abu Daud where the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) said :
" A young boy is cleansed with his aqiqah. An animal is slaughtered for him on the seventh day, his name is given and his head shaved."
THE PURPOSE OF AQIQAH
There are many benefits in the performance of aqiqah and some of them are :
1. Announcing the blessing of Allah with the birth of a baby.
Being bestowed a baby is a great blessing from God.It is only with God's grace that a couple could enjoy the joy of receiving a baby. Thus to show gratitude and joy to God for this gift,blessing and great occasion, an animal is slaughtered and the meat shared amongst friends and relatives.
2. Making known the baby's genealogy and his family.
Aqiqah is also an occasion to pronounce the birth that has taken place in a family.This is to inform friends and relatives about the new member in the family and to avoid misunderstanding or gossips that could arise from that birth.It is also to confirm the baby's rights to the family's wealth and name.
3. Promoting acts of benevolent and promoting kinship and friendship by giving meat to family, friends and neighbours.
Gathering families and friends on this joyous occasion would promote better relation, understandings and love.Even the poor is not left out from this festivities as they are also entitled to the food and meat served on this occasion.
TYPES OF ANIMALS TO BE SLAUGHTERED
There are practices by Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) where he slaughtered a goat for a boy, and a goat for a girl.
It was narrated in Sunan Tirmizhi where the Prophet made aqiqah for Al Hassan ( his grandson ) by slaughtering a goat.
The most recommended for the parent or the guardian of the child is to slaughter 2 goats on the occasion of a boy and 1 goat for the birth of a girl.
THE CONDITIONS OF ANIMALS FOR AQIQAH
Since aqiqah is an act of devotion, the type, age and condition of the animal must be acceptable before the aqiqah is valid.The condition of the animals in aqiqah is the same as theconditions for the animals in korban.
It was reported in Tirmizhi and Abu Daud, that Al Barra' Ibn 'Azib narrated that the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) said :
" Four things should not be found in a sacrifice ( korban ) : an obvious handicap, a clear sickness, a crippled animal and broken bones."
NAMING THE BABY AND SHAVING HIS/HER HEAD
On the seventh day after birth, the name of the baby should be announced.
It is the responsibility of the parents to give the baby the best name.
It was reported in Abu Daud that the Prophet ( peace be upon him ) said :
" Verily all of you would be called out in the Day of Judgement by your name and the name of your fathers, so be good in naming yourselves."
On the seventh day, it is also encouraged for the baby's hair to be shaved for boys and also girls.The weight of the hair should be translated to the weight in gold and the value be donated to the poor.
CIRCUMCISION ( KHITAN )
Khitan literally means incise. It is the procedure where the outer skin covering the penis head ( hasyafah ) is incised.
According to the Syafie's school of thought, it is obligatory for boys and girls to undergo circumcision.
In the case for girls, a tiny portion of the the skin on the top most of the vagina ( faraj ) is cut. ( Please note that khitan is far from genital mutilation practiced by some African countries.)
It was reported in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim, that Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) said :
" Five things are included in instinct (fitrah) : circumcision, shaving of pubic hair, removal of hairs in the armpit, cutting the nails and shortening of the moustache."
Tahnik is the practice of feeding the baby with chewed dates.The dates are chewed by an adult and spread on the baby's palate.
It was reported in Sahih Muslim that Anas Ibn Malik said :
" I brought Abdullah Ibn Abi Thalhah Al Ansari to meet the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) after his birth. That time, the Prophet was wearing a sweater and was spreading oil on his camel. The Prophet asked : Did you bring some dates ? I answered : Yes. Then I passed him a few dates and he started chewing them. He then opened the baby's mouth and placed some dates and this made the baby lick and swallow the dates. Then the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) said : People of Ansar love dates. Then he named the baby Abdullah."
It is encouraged for the tahnik to be performed by revered personality in the community. This is for them to make supplication and invoke blessings upon the baby.
Korban is the Arabic term which means " To get close ". This is the act where a Muslim perform an act to get closer to Allah SWT. This word was used in the story of Habil and Qabil.
Allah SWT says in Surah Al Maidah verse 27 :
" And ( O Muhammad ) recite to them the story of the two sons of Adam ( Habil and Qabil / Abel and Cain ) in truth; when each offered a Korban ( sacrifice ), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former : " I will surely kill you." The former said : " Verily Allah accepts only from those who are pious ."
Korban in Islamic term means :
The slaughtering of a predetermined animal at a certain period with the intention of getting close to Allah SWT.
The animals to be slaughtered are goats, cows and camels. They are slaughtered on the day of Eidul Adha and also on the three days of Tasyrik which falls on the 11, 12 and 13th of Zhulhijjah ( 12th month of the Islamic calendar ).
The practice of Korban was made an injunction in the 2nd year after the Muslims' migration to Medina.
THE LAWS OF KORBAN
The practice of Korban has been stipulated in the Quran, Sunnah as well as the Ijmak ( consensus of the Islamic Scholars ).
In the Quran, Allah SWT states in Al Kauthar verse 2 :
" Then turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice ( to Him only )."
As with the Sunnah, it was reported in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim :
" The Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) made korban by slaughtering 2 white goats with horns.The Prophet slaughtered the goats himself and did this while reciting the Name of Allah, made takbir and placed his foot on the necks of the animals."
THE BENEFITS OF KORBAN
1. Korban is an act of worship. It is an act performed by a Muslim on a voluntary basis with the intention of getting closer to Allah.
2. To relive the sacrifice that had been performed by Prophet Abraham when God commanded him to slaughter his beloved son Ishmael as a sacrifice.The sacrifice was later changed to a goat when Abraham and Ishmael succeded in conforming to the commandments of Allah.
3. Doing charity to the poor by contributing and distributing the meat to them and the destitutes.These acts would spread happiness and cheers amongst them especially during the festival of Eidul Adha where Muslims are in the spirit of festivities.
THE COMPULSION OF KORBAN
Scholars of Islam are of various opinion with regards to the obligatory nature of korban.
First Opinion :
Imam Abu Hanifah and his companions are of the opinion that korban is obligatory once in every year for those non traveller.
Second Opinion :
Other scholars are of the opinion that korban is not obligatory but strongly encouraged ( Sunnah Muakkadah ) and for those who have the affordability and ability to perform it but decided not to do so is disliked ( Makruh ).
The act of Korban could become mandatory when a Muslim states or points to an animal that belongs to him and says that it would be his/her korban. Then that person has to fulfil the intention that he has made.
It could also become mandatory when a Muslim made a nazar with Allah.A nazar is a promise made by any person to perform a certain act when his wishes is granted by Allah.Thus if a Muslim promise to perform korban if he is cured of his illness, then the korban becomes compulsory when he is truly cured from the stated illness.
THE PREREQUISITES OF KORBAN
- The animals to be slaughtered must be a goats, cows or camels.
- The animals must be of the right age. For camels, it must be older than 6 years old, for cows the age must be older than 3 years old and for goats, it must be older than 2 years old or the front tooths lost due to birth.
- They must be free from any form of handicap such as blind, sick, limp and skinny.
- The animals must be slaughtered in the appropriate humane ways.
TIME OF KORBAN
The time for korban starts from sunrise after the performance of the Eidul Adha prayers which falls on the 10th of Zhulhijjah till the sunsets on the 13th of Zhulhijjah.
The best time is to perform the acts of korban immediately after the completion of the Eidul Adha prayers.
It was reported in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim that the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) said :
" The first thing that we do on the day of Eid is to perform the prayers.Then we go home and carry out our korban.Thus whoever does those acts has conformed to our sunnah. And for those who slaughtered before it, then the meat is for the family members and not as an act of korban."
DISTRIBUTION OF THE MEAT
If the korban is mandatory or wajib due to nazar or the reasons stated above, then the meat should not be eaten by the person doing the korban as well as his family members. The meat should be distributed to others such as friends, neighbours and to the poor and destitutes.
If the korban is voluntary, the person who does the korban is entitled to the maximum of a third (1/3), the other third is distributed amongst the poor and the last third distributed amongst friends and neighbours regardless of their financial status.
|Rizuan Amry Bin Akmarulzaman.|
Ibadat - Qurban/Akikah
|Tarikh Hantar Soalan|
|02/08/2008 05:16 PM|
1- Boleh kah kambing jantan yang cukup umur dan sihat tubuh badan tetapi telah di kasi@ dibuang batunya untuk dijadikan haiwan untuk mengerjakan ibadat akikah?
2- Adakah kambing untuk dijadikan korban akikah semestinya kambing jantan?
3- Jika kambing bertina dibolehkan untuk dijadikan haiwan korban akikah, apakah syarat2 yang membolehkan kambing bertina itu dikorbankan?
4-Boleh kah perkiraan umur kambing untuk dijadikan kambing akikah berdasarkan penelitian pada gigi kambing?
5- Apakah syarat sebenar untuk haiwan dijadikan haiwan akikah?.
1) Kambing yang telah dikasi boleh dijadikan haiwan untuk dibuat akikah. Manakala kambing yang dibuang batunya sekiranya tidak mengurangkan jumlah dagingnya, maka ia dibolehkan untuk dijadikan sebagai haiwan akikah sama seperti kambing yang dibuang tanduknya, kukunya, dicukur bulunya dan sebagainya.
2) tidak semestinya kambing jantan, Namun lebih afdal menggunakan kambing jantan yang sihat dan tiada kecacatan langsung di samping mempunyai daging yang banyak.
3) Kambing betina boleh juga dibuat korban atau dibuat akikah sama seperti kambing jantan, syaratnya kambing itu cukup umur (2 tahun setengah), tidak cacat dan hak milik yang sah.
4) Boleh berbuat demikian ia bermaksud kambing tersebut sudah bersalin gigi yang menandakan cukup umur.
5) Haiwan yang dijadikan akikah ialah haiwan ternakan yang berkaki empat yang paling besarnya adalah unta dan yang terkecilnya adalah kambing (tidak boleh dikorbankan arnab. landak, pelanduk, kancil dan sebagainya)...
|Selesai - Paparan Web.|
|25/09/2008 03:17 PM|
1. Jawapan kepada soalan disediakan oleh Panel Kemusykilan Agama, JAKIM
2. Setiap borang yang dihantar hendaklah mengandungi hanya satu soalan sahaja.
3. Jawapan yang diberi adalah berdasarkan Mazhab Shafie kecuali dinyatakan sebaliknya.
What is the difference between Korban and aqiqah?
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Korban has to be done on Eid-ul-Adha or during the 3 days after it. Its main purpose is to make oneself closer to Allah by giving the sacrificial meat to the poor and needy as well as to family, relatives and friends. The Prophet s.a.w said: “None of you should offer sacrifice of animals until he has completed the (Eid) prayer”.
Aqiqah, on the other hand, is for a newborn baby and it can be done at anytime before the child reaches puberty. The Prophet s.a.w said: “A boy is in pledge for his Aqiqah, sacrifice is made for him on the seventh day, his head is shaved and he is given name.”
Both are sunnah.
Is aqiqah done for babies only?
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Aqiqah can be done for one’s child at any time as long as the child has not reached puberty. If the child has reached puberty, it is best that korban be performed instead of aqiqah.
What is the preferred time for performing aqiqah, the shaving of the newborn baby’s hair and circumcision?
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It is recommended that aqiqah and the shaving of the newborn baby’s hair be performed on the seventh day after the baby’s birth. However, in the Singapore context, it is difficult for one to perform aqiqah on the seventh day after the baby’s birth. Hence, the shaving of the newborn baby’s hair can be done on the seventh day and the aqiqah can be done when the opportunity arises such as during Eid-ul-Adha. It can be done until the child reaches puberty.
As for circumcision, it is best it be performed when the child is still young so as to lessen the pain that he may go through. It is, however, still allowable to delay it.
Can aqiqah be delayed if the parents cannot afford to perform it?
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It is recommended to perform aqiqah on the seventh day after the birth of the baby. However, if the parents are unable to perform it at that time, it may be delayed until they are able to do so. Aqiqah can be performed until a child reaches puberty.
How many sheep is to be sacrificed for the aqiqah of a boy?
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It is recommended that 2 sheep be sacrificed for the aqiqah of a boy. However, if one cannot afford it, then one sheep is acceptable.
Rasulullah s.a.w said: “Two sheep which resemble each other (in age) are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl.”
Can aqiqah be performed by other than the child
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Aqiqah for a child can be performed by a person other than the parents such as an aunt or an uncle. It is recommended that it be performed on the seventh day after the child’s birth.
Can one perform aqiqah for an adopted child?
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Aqiqah can be performed for one
How many sheep can a cow replace in aqiqah?
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A cow can be sacrificed in the name of 7 individuals, whether male or female. It is recommended to not break the sacrificed animal’s bones. Its meat must be divided into 3 portions. One portion is for the poor and needy, the other to family, relatives and friends and the last portion for oneself.
Is it permissible to perform aqiqah overseas since Singapore only has sacrificial services during Eid-ul-Adha?
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Aqiqah can be performed anytime and anywhere, whether overseas or locally, whether it is witnessed by the one performing it or not, with the condition that there is the intention of aqiqah when the sheep is bought and when it is being sacrificed.
Can we perform korban or aqiqah for a person who has passed away?
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Korban and aqiqah can only be performed for Mus
What is the method to do qurban for family members who are still alive?
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The method to do qurban for other people who are still alive, is to give them the money to purchase the qurban sheep, or to buy the qurban sheep for them. However, their permission should be sought first. When the time of qurban has come, the slaughterer will mention the name of those people.
Should one pay off all of one
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If the debt has a pre-determined duration of payment and one is confident and sure that it will be paid off in time and accordingly, it is therefore permissible for one to perform the Ritual Sacrifice or the Qurban.
It is imperative that one acknowledges the fact that performing qurban is recommended (sunnah) and not compulsory (wajib). Hence, if by performing qurban, it may cause hardship on the person performing it, it is then perfectly alright for one not to do so.
Who should the sacrificial meat be given to?
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Sacrificial meat should be divided into 3 portion and given to:
1) 1/3 to the poor and needy.
2) 1/3 to family, relatives and friends, even if they do not wish to receive it.
3) 1/3 to oneself, this portion may be eaten and may also be given to non-mus
However, if the korban is performed with the intention of nazar, the one performing the korban is not allowed to consume the meat.
Can sacrificial meat be given to
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The ritual sacrifice is meant to bring oneself closer to the Creator. Some scholars are of the view that the distribution of the meat is specifically for Mus
How to explain the annual sacrifice to those who say it is cruelty towards animals? If the intention is to help the poor and needy by giving them the meat, aren
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The annual sacrifice on Hari Raya Haji is called
This may not go down well with vegetarians, animal lovers and animal rights groups who are opposed to any killing of or cruelty toward animals. But, as much as we respect and understand their position and concern, we seek their respect and understanding on the needs, practices and wishes of the majority of their omnivores brothers and sisters.
Islam appreciates the fact that human beings are naturally omnivores. Our teeth consist of both the herbivores (molars) and carnivores (canine) type. Thus, Islam allows its followers to eat from both the animal and vegetable kingdom, albeit with rules and conditions. And foremost among them is to avoid cruelty to animals. In fact, Islam prohibits cruelty not only to humans and animals, it also prohibits cruelty to plants and even our planet Earth.
But let us just concentrate on the prohibition of cruelty to animals. The fact that Islam allows its followers to consume animals, does not mean that Mus
Islam totally prohibits wanton killing of animals, of any types, be it herbivores, carnivores, marine animals, birds and even insects. Animals should only be killed only on two occasions: First: when they harm human. On occasions when a human life is being threatened by an animal, it is the human
Second: when there is a need to consume the animal
In fact, it is customary for Mus
The Islamic method of slaughtering dictates that both the animal
We agree with you that there are many alternatives to help the poor and needy. By giving alms for example. Or we can feed them. And since the majority of them are not vegetarians, giving them meat is something they look forward to. The poor and needy can afford to buy and eat vegetables everyday since they are relatively very cheap. But meat, most of the time, is beyond their purchasing power.
The cruelty towards animals done by so many ignorant people, Mus
Why do we celebrate Hari Raya Haji?
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Islam had defined two religious celebrations for Mus
“Surely Abraham was an example, obedient to Allah, by nature upright, and he was not of the polytheists. He was grateful for Our bounties. We chose him and guided him unto a right path. We gave him good in this world, and in the next he will most surely be among the righteous." (Qur
Source : http://muis.gov.sg/eservices/faqs/muis_faqmain.asp?strItemChoice=2005329125753&strSubItemChoice=2005329125811&action=SHOWTOPICS&m_strTopicSysID=200732716341
Menurut hukum agama tidak sah membuat korban dengan binatang-binatang yang cacat iaitu dari apa yang diterangkan oleh hadis Nabi s.a.w. ertinya: "Tidak sah membuat korban binatang-binatang yang nyata butanya, yang nyata mengidap penyakit, yang nyata timpangnya, dan yang kurus kering." Hadis riwayat Abu Daud, Tirmizi, Nasaie dan Ibnu Majah dengan sanad yang disahkan oleh Tirmizi. Ulama fiqh telah menyebutkan bahawa selain daripada jenis-jenis cacat yang disebutkan oleh hadis tadi termasuk juga sebarang kecacatan lain seperti gila, buta, terlalu tua, terpotong telinganya atau pada umumnya sebarang cacat yang mengurangkan daging binatang korban itu. Singapura adalah sebuah negara yang tidak mempunyai sumber binatang ternak yang sah dibuat korban iaitu unta, lembu atau kambing. Binatang korban yang banyak sekali dibawa masuk ke Singapura ialah kambing. Negara pembekal utama kambing ini ialah Australia. Jarang pula dilaporkan kambing-kambing hidup dibawa masuk dari New Zealand. Sejak dahulu lagi tidak diketahui bahawa kambing-kambing ini telah dipotong ekornya. Maka sekarang timbul pertanyaan adakah kambing-kambing yang telah dipotong ekornya dianggap cacat dan adakah amalan korban yang telah dibuat pada tahun-tahun yang telah lepas tidak sah? Jawatankuasa Fatwa MUIS yang membahaskan perkara ini berpendapat bahawa ibadat korban yang telah dibuat dengan kambing-kambing yang sedemikian rupa tetap sah, dan insya-Allah terkabul di sisi Allah Taala kerana ianya didasarkan bahawa binatang-binatang itu memang tidak cacat pada hakikatnya, khususnya cacat-cacat yang disebutkan di dalam hadis Nabi tadi tidak terdapat pada binatang-binatang ini. Pemotongan ekor-ekor kambing yang dibawa masuk dari Australia atau New Zealand itu sebenarnya telah dilakukan sewaktu kambing-kambing itu masih kecil lagi oleh sebab-sebab kesihatan. Menurut penyelidikan, telah didapati bahawa di Australia dan New Zealand ada sejenis langau yang lazimnya hinggap di bahagian ekor-ekor kambing yang telah besar dan menyedut lemak yang ada di ekor kambing-kambing ini. Langau-langau ini akan bertelor dan membiak di situ sehingga mengakibatkan kudis dan mungkin membawa kesan yang sangat buruk kepada kambing-kambing itu dan seterusnya membawa bahaya kepada kesihatannya. Oleh yang demikian, ekor kambing-kambing itu dipotong untuk menolak bencana tersebut. Amalan memotong ekor kambing-kambing kibasy ini pernah dijalankan pada zaman dahulu lagi iaitu pada zaman Imam Ramli kira-kira kurun sepuluh Hijrah dahulu. Beliau pernah ditanya tentang hukumnya sebagaimana yang tersebut dalam Kitab Fatawa Alkubra Alfiqhiyah oleh Ibn Hajar di Juz 4 muka surat 67 di bahagian tepi. (Babul Udhiyah). ertinya: "Telah menjadi kebiasaan pada zaman kita ini dipotong sebahagian daripada ekor kambing korban; dan sebahagian orang menyangka bahawa pemotongan itu akan menyebabkan kambing-kambing itu gemuk sama ada ekor itu tidak lagi menjejak ke tanah atau tidak ataupun memberi kesan kambing itu akan menjadi gemuk atau tidak. Adakah sah kambing seperti ini dijadikan korban?" Jawab beliau adalah "Sah amalan korban dengan binatang yang dipotong sebahagian ekornya kerana pemotongan itu biasanya adalah sebahagian kecil daripada anggota yang besar terutama sekali tujuan pemotongan itu untuk membolehkan kambing-kambing itu membesar, maka perbuatan itu adalah sama dengan memotong pelirnya (dikembirikan supaya menjadi gemuk). " Memandangkan kepada pemotongan sebahagian kecil daripada ekor itu bukanlah dikira cacat yang disebutkan dalam hadis Nabi tadi bahkan sebaliknya untuk menggemukkan dan mencegah dari terkena penyakit yang boleh menjadikannya cacat (kudis), maka Jawatankuasa Fatwa Muis berpendapat bahawa kambing-kambing yang dikontotkan ekornya atau dikembirikan itu sah dibuat ibadat korban dan aqiqah. Ini juga adalah kerana di negara kita tidak terdapat kambing-kambing lain yang boleh menggantikannya, dan supaya tidak tergendala syariat agama yang sangat digalakkan iaitu ibadat korban dan juga ibadat aqiqah.
Surat pegesahan ternakan yang dikasi untuk tujuan Akikah dan Korban dari JAKIM, sila klik sini.